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Purana Qila — Old Fort in Delhi

Purana Qila — Old Fort in Delhi

Purana Qila in New Delhi

On the banks of river Yamuna, the Purana Qila (Old fort) in Delhi narrates the history of Delhi. Purana Qila is believed to be built by Pandavas in the ancient city Indraprastha of the Mahabharata.

From the deceit of Pandavas to the establishment of Sur Empire by Sher Shah Suri to the Mughlas and Britishers conquering the  land of India and the brave freedom fighters laying their lives for independence of India; the fort has seen it all.

The current form of Purana Qila was constructed in 16 century. Excavation carried out by ASI (Archaelogical Survey of India) in 1955 (again in 1973) unearthed 3000 years old Painted Grey Ware.

Architecture of Purana Qila

Purana Qila reflects Persian influence in its architecture. The 18 metres high walls of the building traverse about 1.5 km have three Darwazas (Gateways). Purana Qila is one of the largest building built exclusively with red sandstone.

SIte plan of Purana Qila ©source

Gates of Purana Qila

The three Darwazas (gateways) of Purana Qila depict a blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture style. All the three gates are double-storied sandstone structures decorated with marble inlays and blue tiles. These gates are famous for their elaborately designed decorations.

Bara Dawaza

Bara(Bada) means big/large in English, so Bara Darwaza means Big Gate. Out of three, only Bara Darwaza in still in use today.

Bara Darwaza ©BibekRajPandeya

Humayun’s Darawaza

This gate probably got its name because it was built by Humayun or perhaps because Humayun’s tomb is visible from the gate. Anyways, the gate is beautifully and elaborately decorated.

Humayun Darwaza ©RussBowling

 

Talaqi Darwaza

This gate is also known as “Forbidden Gate”. This is so  because of the belief that this gate carries some jinx or is ill-fated.

Talaqi Darwaza ©VarunKapur

Qila-e-Kuhna Mosque

Qila-e-Kuhna was designed as a Jami Mosque (Friday mosque) for the Sultan Sher Shah Suri and his close courtiers in 1541 and is an excellent example of pre-Mughal design. 

The prayer hall inside the mosque has five elegant arched niches set in its western wall for praying. The calligraphy inscribed on the central walls traces the transcription from Lodhi architecture to Mughal  architecture.

The red and white marbles used adds to the pleasant charm of the mosque. The courtyard once had a shallow tank with a fountain. Despite being one of the oldest mosques in Delhi, Qila-e-Kuhna is a well-preserved structure in Purana Qila.

Qila-e-Kuhna Mosque ©source

 

Sher Mandal

Sher Mandal, an octagonal structure near Purana Qila, was constructed by Babur for use as an observatory and library for his son Humayun. This is one of the earliest observatories built in Delhi. The tower is built with red sandstone decorated with white marbles in typical Mughal style.

Sher Mandal observatory is also the spot where on 24 Jan 1556, Humayun fell from the second floor to his death while gazing the night sky standing on the top of his private observatory.

Sher Mandal ©source

Imortant Info:

Address: (near New Delhi Zoo) Mathura Road, New Delhi, Delhi 110003

Charges: 

  • Entry fees- INR 30 (for Indians) & INR 200 (3$) for Foreigners.
  • Camera- None for still camera and INR 25 for video-camera.

Time: 7.00 AM to 5.00 PM

Nearest Metro Station: Pragati Maidan (Blue Line).

Purana Qila, Delhi

Me 🙂 , near Qila-e-Kuhna

Featured Image: ©JMiers

 

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